A Comprehensive Guide to Types of Doshas in Ayurveda

Ayurveda Body Types

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Ayurveda is an Indian System of Medicine that has the potential to maintain holistic well-being and balance the life between body, mind, and soul. To maintain this balance, every individual has a specific set of energetic forces which are also called doshas that play their functional roles. The tridoshas are vatham, pitham, kapham and they are each associated with different physical and mental characteristics.

In this blog, we will explore in detail what is vata pitta kapha the three doshas, the role it plays, and how it can affect our overall health and well-being.

Understanding Doshas In Ayurveda

What Are Doshas?

In Ayurveda, Doshas are the fundamental energies governing the body and mind. They are unique combinations of the five elements of Ayurveda which include earth, water, fire, air, and ether; influencing bodily functions and traits. Each Dosha plays a role in maintaining balance or causing imbalance, influencing individual constitution and overall well-being. Ayurvedic Panchakarma, a cleansing and rejuvenating program, is often used to restore balance to the Doshas. Doshas control the creation, maintenance, and breakdown of bodily tissue, elimination of wastes, and psychological aspects.

What Are Doshas?

Kapha, Pitta, and Vata are three Ayurvedic doshas, or energetic forces, that play specific functional roles in our bodies. If any of these doshas become imbalanced, they can significantly impact our physical and mental health.

Ayurvedic Doshas

Here are the vata pitta kapha characteristics based on body types: 


Kapha Dosha is associated with water and earth. The energy of Kapha is located in the stomach and chest area. People with a Kapha Body Type are strong and have thicker skin by nature. Their attitude of keeping people together, caring, and always being there to support when needed makes them popular among the group.


Pitta Dosha is associated with fire and water elements. The energy of Pitta is primarily located in the small intestines. Since Pitta represents the energy of metabolism and transformation, it is responsible for the smooth functioning of the digestive system. Individuals with a Pitta in body type have a muscular build and the capability to lead a company. However, their aggressive and tenacious nature can lead to conflicts.


Vata dosha is associated with air and space. The energy of Vata is distributed across various areas, including the colon, pelvis, bones, ears, skin, thighs, and nervous system. Individuals with a Vata body type are energetic and slim. They possess a creative mind and often generate out-of-the-box ideas. Their mood can be highly influenced by the people around them, the food they consume, and the weather.

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Role Of Doshas In Maintaining Health And Harmony

Kapha Dosha

Kapha Dosha manages stability, strength, and immunity. When it’s balanced, it gives strength and a grounded feeling. But when out of balance, it can cause weight gain, laziness, and sadness. 

Here are some of the symptoms of Kapha Dosha: 

  • Feeling very sleepy
  • Gaining weight
  • Feeling lazy
  • Being sad or depressed
  • Having congestion or making too much mucus

To balance Kapha Dosha, consider the following tips and practices:

  • Consume foods that are warm, moist, and cooked.
  • Massage yourself daily with Kapha-balancing oils, such as sesame or almond oil.
  • Include meditation, walks in nature, or time for self-reflection and self-care into your routine.
  • Engage in regular physical activity to promote circulation and prevent weight gain.

Some exercises that can help balance Kapha Dosha include:

  • Yoga poses that promote movement and circulation, such as Sun Salutations, Warrior poses, and twists.
  • Cardiovascular exercises, such as running, cycling, or swimming.
  • Strength training exercises, such as weightlifting or resistance band exercises.

Pitta Dosha

People with a dominant Pitta Dosha tend to have a medium build, strong appetite, and good digestion. They often have a warm body temperature, sharp intellect, and strong leadership qualities. To start your healing journey you can book a slot at a trusted Ayurvedic healing center in India.

Here are some of the signs and symptoms of Pitta Dosha Imbalance:

  • Inflamed or agitated Skin
  • Red, dry, or light-sensitive eyes
  • Frequent loose bowel movements
  • Feeling frustrated, Angry and Irritated
  • Being judgemental, criticizing, and impatient
  • Feeling Nausea or uneasy when skipping meals
  • Heightened Metabolism and burning sensation during digestion

To balance Pitta in human body, consider the following tips and practices:

  • Avoid consuming excessively hot or spicy foods, and reduce caffeine intake.
  • Try having a diet that includes all six tastes (sweet, sour, salty, pungent, bitter, and astringent
  • Start engaging yourself in calming activities such as deep breathing exercises, and performing aromatherapy with essential oils such as sandalwood or rose.

Some exercises that can help balance Pitta Body Type Dosha include:

  • Doing yoga poses like forward bends, mild twists, and relaxing positions.
  • Engaging in cardio workouts like swimming or water aerobics.

Vata Dosha

Individuals with dominant Vata Dosha are often naturally thin and slender in physique. They tend to have an oblong face, small eyes and nose, narrow bridge of the nose, and narrow, chapped lips. Their skin is dry, and they often have cold hands and feet. The hair is typically dry, curly, fragile, and rough, and they might experience hair loss easily.

Here are some of the signs and symptoms of Vata Dosha Imbalance:

  • Feeling nervousness, anxiety, panic, and fear
  • Twitches, tics, tremors, and spasms
  • Dry or chapped skin
  • Difficulty in digestion, gas, bloating, and dry, hard stools
  • Cracks in nails, feet, and heels
  • Foot discomfort, numbness, and ankle stiffness
  • Constipation, cramps, gas, and dry skin


To balance Pitta Dosha, consider the following tips and practices:

  • Avoid excessive intake of junk food, processed sugars, and raw, dry, or undercooked foods
  • Incorporate spices like cinnamon, cumin, ginger, salt, cloves, mustard seed, black pepper, cardamom, and basil into your cooking to help balance Vata Dosha
  • Use Ayurvedic herbs like ashwagandha, shatavari, turmeric, and Healthy Vata to help balance Vata Dosha
  • Apply warm and nourishing oils, moisturizers, and natural remedies like Abhyanga (oil massage) to your skin


Some exercises that can help balance Vata Dosha include:

  • Start including physical activities such as walking, exercising, swimming in day to day routine.
  • To satisfy the competitive nature of Pitta, competitive activities like tennis, basketball.
  • Pitta types are prone to anxiety so practising meditation and mindfulness will keep you focused and calm.

How To Be-Friend The Doshas In Your Life?

Understanding the unique traits of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha is important for staying healthy. Each has its own qualities, and by knowing which one is strongest in you, you can make choices that suit you better:

  1. Health Plan For You Figuring out your main dosha helps create a plan just for you, considering what your body needs.

  2. Eating Right Each dosha links to certain foods that can make it stronger or weaker. Knowing your dosha helps you pick foods that keep you balanced and healthy.

  3. Exercising Smart You may prefer gentle activities like walking or yoga, while others might like more active sports.

  4. Dealing With Stress If your doshas are out of balance, you might feel more stressed. Understanding your dosha helps you do things like mindfulness or meditation to feel calmer.

  5. Feeling Better In Your Mind Spending time outdoors and doing activities that exercise your mind can help you feel less stressed or sad, making your overall mental health better.

Each one of us has unique strengths and things we struggle with. The doshas help us understand these differences and fix any issues in our bodies. These doshas show us what makes us different and help us understand ourselves better. They guide us to give the right support where and when it’s most needed. This can improve how healthy and happy we feel. At Fazlani Nature’s Nest, we use methods like meditation, yoga, exercises and mindfulness to help be-friend the doshas in your life.


Ayurvedic medicine is popular because it focuses on healing the entire body. Its main goal is to keep you healthy and prevent health problems from happening.

When your dosha is out of balance, it can cause poor health and sickness. That’s why choosing foods, exercises, and lifestyle habits based on your dosha is thought to help you stay really healthy and balanced.

Fazlani Nature’s Nest is a popular wellness retreat near Mumbai, Pune that specializes in Ayurvedic Therapy. Book Now to make a reservation. You can also mail us at  reservations@fazlaninaturesnest.com or call 7700070070. We’re here to help you on your wellness journey.

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